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Bài tập về câu điều kiện có lời giải

Lí thuyết cần nhớ

Xem lí thuyết Câu điều kiện (Conditional Sentences)

(mở trong cửa sổ mới)

The First Conditional

Task 2. Using the given information, make conditional sentences using “IF”

1. Rita might fail her driving test. But she can take it again.

___________________

2. Liverpool might lose. If they do, Terry will be upset.

___________________

3. The office may be closed. In that case, Mike won’t be able to get in.

___________________

4. Cathy may arrive a bit early. If she does, she can help her mother to get things ready.

________________________

5. The party might go on all night. If it does, no one will want to do any work tomorrow.

_________________________

Show answers

1. If Rita fails her driving test, she can take it again.

2. If Liverpool loses, Terry will be upset

3. If the office is closed, Mike will not be able to get in

4. If Cathy arrives a bit early, she can help her mother to get things ready.

5. If the party goes on all night, no one will want to do any work tomorrow.

Task 3. Using the given information, make conditional sentences using “IF”

1. Alice may miss the train. But she can get the next one.

_____________________________________________

2. Is Jack going to enter the race? He’ll probably win it.

_____________________________________________

3. Stop talking or you won’t understand the lesson

_____________________________________________

4. Fail to pay and they will cut off the electricity.

_____________________________________________

5. Don’t touch that wire or you may get an electric shock.

_____________________________________________

Show answers

1. If Alice misses the train, she can get the next one.

2. If Jack is going to enter the race, he’ll probably win it.

3. If you don’t stop talking, you won’t understand the lesson.

4. If you fail to pay, they’ll cut off the electricity

5. If you touch that wire, you may get an electricity shock.

Task 5. Using the inversion in conditional sentence

1. If you call him immediately, he will come.

2. If it rains, we won’t go cycling to the museum.

3. If he gets sick, he will see the doctor.

4. If you don’t come, I will be very sad.

5. If she earns a lot of money, she will fly to New York.

Show answers

1. Should you call him immediately, he will come.

2. Should it rain, we won’t go cycling to the museum.

3. Should he get sick, he will see the doctor.

4. Should you not come, I will be very sad.

5. Should she earn a lot of money, she will fly to New York.

Task 6. Rewrite the following sentences as directed

1. If she should come, tell her to wait for me. (using inversion with SHOULD)

…………………………………………………

2. If I don’t come here early, I will miss the bus.

→ Unless……………………………………

3. If he doesn’t do that, he will get bonus.

→ Unless……………………………………

4. If she doesn’t water these trees, they will die

→ Unless……………………………………

5. I only come if they invite me.

→ Unless……………………………………

6. In case it rains, we’ll stay at home. (if)

…………………………………………………

7. If you don’t leave the office, I will call the police. (or)

…………………………………………………

8. You can’t visit Paris unless you get a visa. (If)

…………………………………………………

Show answers

1. Should she come, tell her to wait for me.

2. Unless I come here early, I will miss the bus.

3. Unless he does that, he will get bonus.

4. Unless she waters these trees, they will die

5. Unless they invite me, I will not come

6. If it rains, we’ll stay at home

7. Leave the office or I will call the phone

8. If you don’t get a visa, you can’t visit Paris

The Second Conditional

Task 7:

Task 8. Using the given information, make conditional sentences with IF

1. They are poor, so they can’t help us.

→ If they ………………………….

2. He doesn’t do his homework. He is always punished.

→ If he ………………….

3. He doesn’t have enough time. He can’t help me.

→ If he ………………….

4. She doesn’t take any exercise, so she is overweight.

→ If she ……………………

5. He doesn’t have a bicycle, so he always goes to class late.

→ He wouldn’t ………………….

Show answers

1. If they weren’t poor, they could help us.

2. If he did his homework, he wouldn’t be punished.

3. If he had enough time, he could help me.

4. If she took some exercise, she wouldn’t be overweight.

5. He wouldn’t go to class late if he had a bicycle.

Task 9. Using the given information, make conditional sentences with IF

1. I am bad at English, so I can’t do homework.

→ I could ……………………………….

2. He doesn’t practise speaking French, so he doesn’t speak it fluently.

→ If he ……………………………………………………….

3. The meeting can be cancelled because it snows heavily.

→ If it …………………………………………

4. We don’t go because it will rain.

→ If it ……………………….

5. John is fat because he eats so many chips.

→ If John …………………………….

Show answers

1. I could do homework if I weren’t bad/ were good at English.

2. If he practised speaking French, he would speak it fluently.

3. If it didn’t snow heavily, the meeting couldn’t be cancelled.

4. If it didn’t rain, we would go.

5. If John didn’t eat so many chips, he wouldn’t be fat.

Task 10. Rewrite the following sentences as directed

1. If Germany were to beat Romania, they would face Italy in the final.(using inversion with WERE)

………………………………………………

2. If she were rich, she would buy a villa. (using inversion with WERE)

…………………………………………………

3. If I won a big prize in a lottery, I would build a school for the poor

→ Unless………………………………………

4. Without the rain, they could not have such good crop. (if)

……………………………………………………

5. If I didn’t say sorry, I wouldn’t be here. (otherwise)

………………………………………………………

6. If it weren’t for the view, this would be a lovely room. (But for)

………………………………………………………

Show answers

1. Were Germany to beat Romania, they would face Italy in the final.

2. Were she rich, she would buy a villa.

3. Unless I won a big prize in a lottery, I wouldn’t build a school for the poor.

4. If it weren’t for the rain, they couldn’t have such good crop.

5. I did say sorry; otherwise, I wouldn’t be there.

6. But for the view, this would be a lovely room.

The Third Conditional

Task 2. Using the given information, make conditional sentences with IF

1. He didn’t hurry, so he missed the train.

→ If …………………………………

2. We didn’t go because it rained.

→ If it hadn’t………………….

3. We got lost because we didn’t have a map.

→ If we ………………………………..

4. He lost his job because he was late every day.

→ If he ……………………………………

5. The airport was closed. She didn’t fly to Rome.

→ If ………………………………………

Show answers

1. If he had arrived, he wouldn’t have missed the train.

2. If it hadn’t rained, we would have gone.

3. If we had had a map, we wouldn’t have got lost.

4. If he hadn’t been late every day, he wouldn’t have lost his job.

5. If the airport hadn’t been closed, she could have flown to Rome.

Task 3. Using the given information, make conditional sentences with IF

1. Sue felt sick because she ate four cream cakes.

→ If Sue …………………………………..

2. My brother didn’t leave the car keys, so I couldn’t pick him up at the station.

→ If my brother …………………………………………………………

3. We didn’t go on holiday because we didn’t have enough money.

→ If we ………………………………………………..

4. He didn’t have the ticket to the game last week. He wasn’t be able to get in.

→ If ……………………………………………………………..

5. Robert got a bad cough because he started smoking cigarettes.

→ If Robert …………………………………………….

Show answers

1. If Sue hadn’t eaten four cream cakes, she wouldn’t have felt sick.

2. If my brother had left the car keys, I could have picked him up at the station.

3. If we had had enough money, we would have gone on holiday.

4. If he had had the ticket to the game last week, he could have got in.

5. If Robert hadn’t started smoking cigarettes, he wouldn’t have got a bad cough.

Task 4. Rewrite the following sentences as directed

1. If you had given it on time, you would have got a high mark.(using inversion with HAD)

…………………………………………………………………

2. If he had been on time, we wouldn’t have missed the bus. (using inversion with HAD)

…………………………………………………………………

3. If it hadn’t rained, we would have a better crop. (But for)

………………………………………………………………………

4. His sister sent her money, so he continued to study. (But for)

…………………………………………………………

1. If you had given it on time, you would have got a high mark.(using inversion with HAD)

………………………………………………………………

Show answers

1. Had you given it on time, you would have got a high mark.

2. Had he been on time, we wouldn’t have missed the bus

3. But for rain, we would have a better crop

4. But for his sister’ money, he wouldn’t have continued to study.

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